Aulas de “Economia industrial da crise” no IE\Unicamp

Aqui està algum material, que serà de tempo em tempo atualisado, sobre algumas meas aulas como Profesor Visitante  no IE (Instituto de Economia, dir. Marian Laplane) da Unicamp, Campinas SP.

En seguida, tudo este material ficarà fora da blog-timeline, na proxima pagina “fixa” intitulada UNICAMP, que continuarà sua vida propria como a pagina deste blog em lingua portuguesa (com erros, infelizmente – nenhum e’ perfeito). Ver “STATIC PAGES” aqui na coluna de direita, onde em dezembro vai aparecer o iten UNICAMP.

Materiais de leitura com bibliografias:

1) os seminarios e as aulas sao partes dum eschema mas amplo (nao inteiramente tratado, por falta de tempo) “A ECONOMIA INDUSTRIAL DA CRISE” – ilustrado nesse documento: EcoIndaCrise1011_current_v

2) as 3 aulas das terças ferias 10 – 17 – 24 novembro, pelo Seminario da Pos-Graduaçao (Mestrado, Doutorados) sao resumidas nesses documentos.

1o novembro: 1011010aula_I_Enzo. “Background” para entender melhor a atual crise da Irlanda, que està dinamizando a CRISE SOBERANA EUROPEIA:

Para quem sabe ler Italiano, ver tamben no assunto Irlandes esta discussao:’Irlanda%3F

17 novembro: 101117aula_II > “Commanding Heights”, a cit. entervista da Laura Tyson sobre a Politica Economica da epoca Clintoniana: int_lauratyson_CLINTONadm

24 novembro: a tecnologia e as prospectivas de longo prazo; novas bolhas, e uma nova onda lunga?


Interessante este twitter msg (em Italiano) que reuna 2 temas da nossa resenha dos novos paradigmas, o trans-humanismo e o quantum computing:



transumanisti network h+

Computer quantistici più vicini alla realtà grazie a nuove ricerche teoriche: I computer quantistici potrebbero …
Falamos mesmo de spin:
cienciahoje Ciência Hoje
Adilson de Oliveira explica o que é o spin e mostra como ele revolucionará o processamento da informação:

Terà aviso nessa pagina – em breve (Dezembro) transferida na pagina statica UNICAMP – quando eu atualizo alguns documentos, com novos argomentos ou  bibliografias.

Para interagir, podem mandar comentos aquì por qualquer esclarecimento, pedido, pergunta o outro assunto. CIAO (tchao).

Who’s afraid of Timothy Woolf


WALL STREET: Sen.Dodd talks of Bank Nationalisation while markets are open: BoA and Citi (>50%  State owned) precipitate. Pension funds relocate from Banks to high tech, in search of dividends.


TODAY, AS YOU KNOW:  – 5,8% MIB MILANO, worst in Europe.

STUCTURALLY WEAK, in perspective,  the 2 leading Italian banks (of course in a frame of subCrime and structural crash of the entire Globalisation architecture; but  NOT SO “innocent” Angels. Even “Last Angel” JP Morgan … see below).



1) in all today’s markets, and very neatly in Milan, the so called RE-RATING PRINCIPLE HAS BEEN APPLIED. Although in a rather strange way in Milan, namely in the key last hour,  half-hour and  final (SELECTIVE) sales rush of the market — revealing a bit of wh’appens in the exchanges secret trades and UNOBSERVABLES (single transactions). UniCredit was leading the fall, OK? But, in the last  1/2 hour Intesa SP was loosing  all of a sudden another 6% point, Banco Popolare 4, UniCredit UNBIELIEVABLY stopped falling. On such  a proportion, this is  no RE-RATING at all (as il Sole 24  ore financial correspondent was saying at radio 24, on the contrary: but it is not so easy to give the whole picture in real time: at that moment, I also thought the same way). I’d  better call this: LEAP-FROGGING in a downward pent. NO OTHER ANSWER: someone, either 1 operator at a VLS, very large scale, or more likely 2-3-4 of them at average-to-large scales, were buying at closure prices (€ 0.89). We’ll comment this in a while: so interesting. I didn’t buy, although it’s MY bank.


2) Let us say: in the unprecedented last hour of Piazza Affari (A CONCENTRATED SHRINKING OF ALL  THE BLACK OCTOBER 2008, and just in Milan), some operators were in panic, some were applying RE-RATING (a sort of arbitrage, and hierarchy among leading firms in an industry). Just a few, perhaps a handful were manoeuvring against the main current, as only the most clever and resourceful fishes do – AND THIS HAS STOPPED the UniCredt decline in THAT key hour.


Who bought UniCredit after 4.oo pm GMT (5 in Italy)? I won’t tell you,  except under torture.



The Italian Duopoly  (1 bank in many respects),

at repair from any market contendibility (i.e. roughly translating our friend and fine wine connaisseur Baumol’s dis-equations: POTENTIAL competition, since Aristotle was never allowed to make it REAL), control the whole Classic Media, and penetrated deep into the Social Media blogo- and  ludo-spheres. Truth (they’ll never tell you) is

they are by far over-rated, still:

– I don’t analyse here Banco Popolare, except to say: I have a sincere esteem  of his CEO, Mr Fratta Pasini; in Verona there is an important sense of civicness, “coming out” with decision  in the last few weeks and even  more strong in today’s hectic day. For a disastrous process of hyper-concentration and that Surrealistic Theater called “globalisation” by its PRs, we have lost 1/2 banks; better than Naples that lost its only one (worst: the only left large job supplier in the city centre, an infinite  gift to Gomorra from politicians). The population of Verona is with the heart, sincerely on the side of “our” bank (no populism but local culture, the labour and work of a cooperative bank); in a very large majority of the spieaking public opinion, we believe 1) we have the right man, 2) managerial animal spirits are one of the rarest “commodities”; 3) and, to close such an improper sillogism,  we want him to stay there: exactly because a 2nd concentration would be lethal for the quality of  the civic tissue of the city, and CORRECTLY interpreted as a 2nd, historically even more intolerable EXPROPRIATION (David Harvey). Attention, because Verona  insurged with no hope against Napoleon: there are hidden anarchist resources in these quiet communities!! We will pay due scholarly attention to  Pop another time: this Social War will be so long; in the next few days it’ll be Fort Apache every day. Verona as a city,  i.e. a collective “in the good sense” (the one song by Simone Weil in the poem Venise  sauvée, for our sorella maggiore), firmly doesn’t want any Waterloo for Pop. By reasons of ethic-epistheme coherence, this doesn’t imply anyhow Pop is any “Angel” at all, even less that “our” Mr Fratta Pasini Angelically avoided all the traps on his path. On the contrary: i) if you compare him with Mr Profumo below, we love even more Mr Fratta Pasini for his humanity and finiteness: ii) as prof. Roubini’s intransigence taught us, a real picture of the situation is strictly necessary, in order to geo-position correctly  the Pop “barricades” against the Tsunami;  iii) not only some populist “stracciarsi le vesti“, or invoking  (again? nooo!) the closing of all financial markets everywhere, don’t deserve a reply here. Worst: for their stupidity,  they’re Trojan horses, weakening the city’s barricades or trincee, as I am arguing in the local press, with all the  passion and love for “Verona sauvée” which circulate in my blood (genius loci).

– in 1 year Intesa SP  fell from € only to € , while its future is bleakening at the speed of light, and they apparently don’t know well where to start from. Today, it was UniCredit leading the re-rating game, but the East European dependence (making UniCredit a lame duck) is NOT the major issue (by the way, this is an answer to Sebastiano Barison, radio 24, wandering: “Why all this crash, if the majority of their sales is in Italy”. Correct answer: “The majority of the duopolists problems ARE in Italy, actually”). In sum:

You better wait some massive devaluation and recapitalisation, before any BUY.

– On the other side of the SAME COIN, a UniCredit awfully managed by SuperEgo Alessandro Profumowe’ll never forget  the sense of self-sufficiency  stemming from his icy eyes, and his open despise of reality, top clients, whatsoever, worlds. A living Murphy law:  if there was a possible strategic mistake, he went straight into it, without arrière pensées; he’s an Aristotelian top executive: if something is possible, he’ll make it happen. But he’s weak in 9 other items of an interview: human relations; knowledge decision support; macroeconomic environments intuition; medium-long run view; reduction of useless extracosts and hierarchies; scenarios interpretation; selectivity; team work; vision. I would rate him: 1/10.

UniCredit  is surprisingly down only at €o.89 (from € ). Profumo’s another case in such a long gallery, we thought  up forever, exp. after the micro-economic roots here of the “Japanese desease”: pursuing  max growth while blatantly ignoring corporate finance sustainability constraints, and fucking stakeholders’ interests. There is even such a well known, VERY OLD BUT STILL TAUGHT textbook lecture on the “Profumos”: the Marris model. Every graduate student from a decent school, who was taught Industrial Organisation (and not just Games, the real thing as well; Maths and History, as Baumol says) knows  perfectly the problem and  might remember its multiple solutions (a 2 equations nonlinear system, under a linear sustainability constraint).

Add the macro- and geo-economic frame: any dilettante (IFF consulted) would have just stopped “a gamba tesa” Mr Profumo 10 years ago, since at that time most of the Western Economies’ Actives had been by far over-rated for a decade, and you could not reasonably take so many risks together in just one firm; plus the country-specific and the E. European regional ones. The average expected success  Prob. was very close to 0 on an array of scenarios. And the hyperconcentration of the governance, the very bad  use if the fusion (CredIt, CdR) just for Imperially spreading incompetent Roman Bureaucrats  in the Conquered Province (incl. my beautiful Verona) is no excuse: it is part of the problem itself; if the owners accepted it as a solution of their principal\agent bargaining with Mr Profumo, and did not  monitor how the cintarct was executed, they just got what they were looking for. A crazy mono-strategy  (Rome against the Unni at the border of Russian steppe) whose potential failure, unbearable risk and wrong timing was very easily detectable, at just one external independent check, since many years ago.

In sum:

No reason to buy unless strategically, as in the Qaddafi case. In fact, Qaddafi and another M.East SWF are subscribing UniCredit convertible bonds at €3 (versus today’s 0.89 mkt value)

Mr Draghi, much cooler and a plomb than Min. Tremonti is (1st class clever, but badly affected by emotions-driven Prime Minister), is just saying, and he’s correct: devaluate all your toxic rubbish (see below how much “toxic” is a daily changing, metamorphic notion), then recapitalize ASAP.  Please don’t fool yourself (as  yo do fool ourselves: see we’re fed up with Marxism plea) with your “stabiity”: the sooner, the better. Sure, implementing such a strategy meets hard times.

This is why the major National (from December, no more global: see Brad Stetller on the US capital flows) Capitalisms recur to the 4th-5th best, or last solution of Nationalisations. But Italy has its own path-dependence: after Enrico Mattei, Craxi and De Michelis. The beloved Beniamino Andretta (as you already know in Italy, the political “father”  and  mentor of Mr Prodi) fought very hard in the 1980s coalition governments in order to save the public debt from the catastrophe (I remember Gianni De Michelis’ versions of such a War on Budget). Beniamino had all the knowledge and will to fight and  he did it, he gave hard times to the opposite political line (as from my personal, oral evidence), but no real power.

This is history by now, it is written in many books: Craxi could hamper Mr de Mita’s  impressive and farsighted “Revolution” of the DC, aming to move it from a European to an American political science and tradition paradigm of great coalition Party. He was repaid by the traditional DC caucuses (he had saved from Nichilism: the usual grey men like Andreotti, Forlani etc.) with an infinite State budget ceiling (the one Super Ego Profumo was convinced to have, but he never had, as any psychiatrist or cognitive psy woud have told him  before the end of the  1st meeting). The change occasion was postponed to “Mani Pulite” that generated Berlusconi’s business diversification (a much more cautious application of the Marris Model’s normative implications on such strategies; a friend of mine, a top executive of the privatised Dutch Post, told me at the epoch of the “diversification” that he could no more consider Fininvest in the set of potential allies, since the political risk was unmeasurable; in Eindhoven they teach Economics comme il faut).

In sum: Italy will not have, for some and perhaps many generations, the means to nationalize anything,  AND VERY LITTLE ROOM for any other counter-cyclical, industrial or social  policy. The chance stands for “MANY” above since:

a) the Late-comer First Industrialisation happended in Italy, under the  hyper-corrupted Giolitti Period (Early 20th C.), with a German financial system (the Mixed Banks going  bankrupt and natonalised in the early 1930s; CredIt was privatised  not so much before concentrating into UniCredit) and under a German I-O umbrella: these “filière” systemic links always grew upon time (in parallel with not so different political regimes, mutatis mutandis). Germany, our Elder Brother with some paternal rights, was not paying attention to the younger brother in the 1980s, but from now on will never allow for easing his\our public financial constraint. Unless  we  move to Africa.

b) The Italian political system did finally diverge from the 65-years  Nippon stagnation path. But not so much, e.g. in intergenerational policy terms. Unless the PD (dead today, but  this is good news for  potential change) challenges PDL’s  monopoly-and-monopsony, where will change come from? The State debt will keep forever around 100% of a very slow growth, often zero-growth GNP. In a sort of coupled hysteresis.



1. PENSION FUNDS MOVE WHERE DIVIDENDS ARE HIGHER: WHAT ELSE?THIS EXPLAIN THE DIVERGENCE TIDAY BETWEEN DJIA AND NASDAQ. In the sublime as always, but today really ON THE NEWS Sebastiano Barison’s broadcast (to which I owe 2/3 of this post’s concepts, under my rewriting and idiosyncrasies of course), we coukd listen to a top US exoerte, Mary NN, saying; No way for dividends from US banks. She said “I’d really like JP Morgan [!] to pay them, but they are in the same situation”. Some room only , exceot the zero-option, for a further reduction of already low dividends (Nietzsche and Severino are right; God is dead, and with Him all the Angels = there is no ethernal structure left on this earth. JP Morgan was the last one, still an Angel under the Fed’s protective Holy Spirit,  in mid-March last year …).



4. INCREASING UNCERTAINTY UPON KEY PARAMETERS; namely, referring to the various Timothies, if they have an idea (perhaps not): which governance and business models  in the State-owned majority of the much  less global Credit Industry? Sociology taught us: it’ll be a big fight. Yes, but: A) a fight for Governance Rules under which Meta-Rules of the game? B) How  can we repeat  the Lithany  that the late Schumoeter was so wrong, totally wrong? C) The anti – “Capitalism, Socialsm and Denicracy” VUKGTA, cane from vested inteersts: the Workers’ Movement bureaucracies had to dissen’minate the ideiigy of Biig Socialism as a volunatry conquest etc, etc, Bukkshut.

5. EUROPE REGIONAL FACTOR – As Prof. Nouriel Roubini is saying, there is an emerging Regional Factor – the comparative delay in  making effective the anti-Meltdown injections. An antidote for Italy is today’s Bruxelles approval of the “Tremonti Bonds”.

6. NATIONAL NO-DECOUPLING or no-Nation decoupling (particularly in Credit: Brazilian Mean Streets have exhibited heroic decoupling forces in 2008, as  in a Myth, an Amazonica-Nordestina conta of strange, UNIQUE animals). ITALIAN BANKS DIDN’T “TALK ENGLISH” YES. BUT THEY DEUTSCH SPRACHE, and therefore they are full of original (doc) Toxic products (not just the unsellable Italease, a dead walking emanation of Banco Popolare). The counter-information industry (= all the Italian media, except only the one directly owned by the ensemble of all the non-credit Capital: il Sole 24 ore, the Confindustria newspaper – just with forgivable and BONA FIDE mistakes) told us for 18 months that the Italian credit  industry was living in  another planet. We could stand the Tsunamy by .. lending each other within borders, as Barison was mocking today, during the mini-Tsunami. It was  just to suck you your left savings.

7. THE TOXIC DERIVATIVES – Wh’happens here is that there are by now A FEW  GENERATIONS OF TOXIC artificial Beings, like in any Pandemia. After the “doc” subCrime 1st G, they are self-reproducing  in Labs (the Banks’ canteens, in the ususal metaphor about the canteen as a compensation room in between Surface Finance and –  legalised by Clintonians – underground Shadow Finance).

FOR OUR BACKGROUND, FRAME SCENARIOS: GO TO OUR RED!0 bulletin. AS for all the DIJA, to put it simply:

A) market operators are adjusting downward their expectations about the Autumn real economy effects of  the fastly built 4-plans (much more than $3 tr., perhaps 4 tr.?) architecture (Detroit, Paulsson no.3, stimulus and subCrime): Obama was effective, and  paid a minor price (namely a 40 mn cut in education) for getting the 3  GOP senators to vote the stimulus. But financial accelerators and all the rest of the REAL-MONETARY-REAL- etc. TRANMISSIIN SYSTEMS (not nec.  classic ones, with genuine, inherent unpredictability) are at work since midAugust 2007.

Hard to stop a snowball when it is an avalanche.

Then there is the issue whether  all this architecture is adequate. And: what is its paradigm – pay attention to Obama, he pays service t American Idls, but with his friend Cass :

Finally, THE issue – why FDR is far from a model:  either in his times (Amity Shlaes) or in our so different times (my deep convinction, on left libertarian philosophical grounds), or in both of them (my chance to ally with Shlaes); or none (an optimistic, backward-looking and Classic US Liberal thesis). NOTABENE  for sensitive souls – “backward-looking” is NO insult, since we know by now that Progress doesn’t “exist”, it’s just a Narration as another one (someone has to dare to tell it to the US Progressives, before they become the Last Mohicans). This is a straight Popperian issue  about whether, how fast and  how far contemporary cultures are a’changing, within the same regional Civilisation. The most respectable scholars told us they changed a lot, and that if there was a Promise Modernity maintained, it was the  effective mega-trend of Individualism. So, how can you come back with “Fordist” solutions or frames, NOW? I refer here also to Carlota Perez 2002, another way to say:  look forward.

B) experts have, on average: let us say, a bit equivocally, a “median expert” (of the few surviving ones, dynosaurs after the punctuated SubCrime equilibrium) has, for professional habit, talent and  intelligence,   much more deep-and-radical doubts than a median GOP Senator or a Wal Street guy. “We” believe (particularly Michele and I) that all such an Ambaradan might  do some  sound social justice if well managed, and eventually alleviate the short term, but (there is here a Gravity Law I’ll explain another day), ONLY TO MAKE THE MT EVEN WORST than “neutrally”. It has to do with 20 years of OverRated Actives in Western Capitalisms, ONLY sustained,  in increasing disequilibrium paths, by (not artificial, as Paul Krugman once dared to say: he was ALMOST right) Planned Hyper-Growth in East Asia Socialist countries (Jap, Kor, 4 Tigers, Chindia). This is rooted in completely, unprecedently  unsustainabe, by all means and criteria, SOURCE-OF-ALL DISEQUILIBRIA in the 2 PRIMARY MARKETS: LABOUR FORCE, AND  SERVICES drawn from irreproducible NATURAL objects (the Kalecki, and the Georgescu-Roegen contradictions). The gone-crazy Minsky cycle is a MASSIVE SIGNALLING about those 2 contradictions,  that for decades no one wanted, no one was keen to listen to, in a Surrealisitic pièce. But this time … surprise! Godot has arrived. When no one was still waiting.

Here comes the ETHICAL AND POLITICAL RESPONSIBILITY OF TODAY’S INTELLECTUAL: just too heavy! Unbearable! Let us not leave the whole of it to Nouriel Roubini as a Dom Quixote. Or the one Hero that had to sustain the Globe on his shoulders. Prof. Atlas Roubini, a good fella of Bocconi.

Hollywood, Milano: ferve l’attesa, c’è già l’atmosfera giusta



1. occhio a non sbagliare indirizzo: B-ollywood  è di serie B, roba da ingegneri

2. countdown: oggi – 7 giorni all’alba dell’afterhour

3. status della festa: 60 guests + 163 maybe attending

4. no limit actually, we’re Economists: ogni membro di “Perché…?” può portare altri amici

4 bis. sopra si legge: “noulllìmit ètchuolli uiarraccònomess” etchù (no, questo era il raffreddore)


Son tempi di crisi e qui non si fa credito né sconti a nessuno.

Gli economisti hanno deciso di scendere in campo, ed hanno  superato di qualche migliaio i 10.000 soci di questo gruppo Facebook di concorrenza APERTA  E SLEALE; A COLPI BASSI. MA MOLTO, ma proprio molto sotto la cintola ad ingegneri meccanici (i civili aspettano gli investimenti in infrastrutture, fanno pena e li risparmiano): nella carriera e mercato interno, sul mercato esterno del lavoro, nelle PR, HR, XR, ecc.R.

Ma soprattutto nelle pratiche darwiniane (I ducent’anni) per la continuazione della specie: BELLI CERCAN BELLE E VICE-SERVA. Al grido molto British, da cappello a bombetta di Lombard Street: The Economist, does it better! (si legge: “BETTAH” come la maga betta, o la zia betta)

Insomma, a farla breve  i capintesta hanno deciso che I MEGLIO devono presentarsi nel MEGLIO posto, la Hollywood meneghina. Per la prima festa-raduno del gruppo virtuale.

Gradito il frac per i giovannotti, abiti di tulle non importa  se succinti per le Gentili Economiste. Ammessi bombetta e scatolone di cartone pieno,  da finance appena scaricato la mattina a Piazz’affari, o giunto low coast  from the East End con le £ della lauta liquidazione (suscita assieme chic&cool, sicurezza ed istinti materni; un mix più micidiale del Negroni e … cucca, no? Adesso non venitemi in 700 con bombetta o scatolone, sennò il palco non regge in tutti e 2 i sensi, e le Gentili in Tulle mangerebbero la foglia – questa parentesi poi la ritrascrivo in codice per soli maschi, accesso a gender-sensitive password, una tecnologia che sto mettendo a punto con la consulenza di Povia).

Musica highly cool garantita: della casa. Io apparirò vestito da Zorro, INCOGNITO.

Un suggerimento. Intimo S. Valentino e  non solo, da


Cezziunale, ma veramente: nu scuuup


il diario di Mara 



13 pp. ESCLUSIVE, ESILARANTI, (D)ISTRUTTIVE e scoppiettanti:

solo per i nostri lettori.


BREAKING NEWS. Un nuovo  stopper rende la difesa della Juve un fortino.

Dal giornale radio 24 delle 11 am, mercoledi 19 novembre: MARCHIONNE SUPER-STOPPER SCENDE IN CAMPO CONTRO LA DETROIT LOBBY, ed avvisa pure i colleghi franco-tedeschi: niente scherzi da prete.

Ai margini di una conferenza a Torino, l’AD Fiat Marchionne ha detto: O AIUTI PER TUTTI; O PER NESSUNO. Non accetteremo un dislivello tra EU ed US; ed anche dentro l’EU, NO a protezioni nazionali diseguali.


1) L’OPINIONE PUBBLICA US  (di cui abbiamo un piccolo campione anche nell’appendice del diario di Mara, ma blog e media US non parlano d’altro da 1 settimana) e’ in larga maggioranza vivamente e ferocemente contraria al Detroit bail. Un op-ed del NYTimes arriva a dire: “Non sapevo che Detroit fosse una brutta parola”. Obama, nel suo stile Web 2.0 di governo dovrà tenerne conto altrimenti ci rimette le penne lui stesso, e’ una vera onda ANTI-DETROIT. Per questo non ha ancora detto cosa farà, ma ha delimitato il campo – probabilmente  tra un bail contrattato duramente, o persino (se ha le palle) la bancarotta contrattata, proposta dal suo consigliere informale Robert Reich, ex-segretario al Lavoro sotto Clinton. Se poi terrà conto anche degli equilibri internazionali nell’auto, questo sarà un test della sua (vecchia\nuova?) politica estera – e comunque ci  saranno altri stopper in campo, oltre all’ottimo Marchionne. ED IL GIOCO SARA’ DURO, senza nessun arbitro a fischiare.

2) IN ITALIA, in poche settimane  E’ DIVENTATO SENSO COMUNE E PRE-ALLARME NAZIONALE, la geniale intuizione di MARA (la segretaria ideale) e\o di Marchionne: se si fa il gioco sporco degli aiuti nazionali protezionistici, l’Italia fa vaso di coccio per il vincolo del debito, e lo spread dei BOT sui titoli di Stato tedeschi, salito a 120 punti per la prima volta dell’epoca € (sulla base di aspettative non-nulle di una bancarotta dello Stato italiano). Qui Tremonti deve scordarsi il Leghismo, ringraziare Ciampi e riciclarsi Europeista. Subito, sennò perde l’appoggio di Confindustria e per il governo son dolori. Il politologo de La Repubblica ha già detto che il Cavaliere si preoccupa strategicamente per la perdita di consenso che potrebbe avere in una lunga e dura recessione: certamente, ed almeno, per tutto il 2009. 

Noi, come sanno i nostri lettori, non possiamo sapere ancora se questa sarà solo una recessione durissima, o anche una deflazione (crollo di tutti i prezzi, oggi l’incubo di tutti gli operatori ed autorità) o addirittura una depressione (l’incubissimo anni ’30, o Giappone anni ’90). Altrimenti avremmo aggiornato il titolo del blog. Ma al momento attuale pensiamo (sulla base di una ipotesi alla Beniamin Graham – vedi Authers sul ft del  9 novembre – qui in particolare il grafico di Shiller, che da solo spiega di tutto e di più) che;

a) le Borse cederanno sostanzialmente (di qualche decina di  punti %) nei prossimi mesi, con dei brevi rally trappole micidiali come dopo il ’29 (nel senso che chi crede si sia già al rimbalzo, perde tutto)

b) non pensiamo che la ripresa della produzione nei paesi OECD avvenga già nel 2010 (e dell’occupazione nel 2011): nella forchetta ottimistica dei nostri scenari,  nel corso del 2010 le sole Borse rimbalzano, anticipando una fine crisi nel 2011.  


p\e ratio depurato, S&P 1900-2008

In questo inizio settimana tutto procede come previsto dal Diario di domenica scorsa venuto in nostro possesso, che si conferma CLAMOROSAMENTE veridico se  non  addiritura veritiero.Il forte messaggio di Marchionne riportato in BREAKING NEWS, dimostra che la sua Segretaria gli legge nel pensiero.

Al momento il Senato US non ha votato nulla, Obama stesso (intervista CBS di sabato) non vuol firmare “cambiali in bianco” a Detroit; ieri Paulson si e’ detto contrario persino ai $25 bn di aiuti che pareva fosse la contropartita dell’Amm. Bush alle pressioni lobbiste del Senato e Congresso, per escludere qualsiasi accesso di Detroit ai $750 bn del TARP, riservati al credito.

ft,  mercoledi 19 novembre. A CARITA’ COL CAPPELLO IN MANO

FromWORLD11:38PM (di ieri)

Detroit’s executives go cap in hand for $25bn

As if to underline the fact that the financial crisis is shaping every corner of industry, the three top executives of what is still known as the Big Three companies of the US car industry appeared at the US Senate banking committee asking for a slice of the US’s $700bn  financial rescue package

Senators cool to pleas by big three carmakers

Detroit groups told to consider bankruptcy protection


Grazie a nostri laureati,  anonimi collaboratori, da oggi (domenica 16 novembre) in poi abbiamo accesso al diario personale (un blog privato, inaccessibile su web sinora) di Mara. No, non la Ministra carina dagli occhi sbarrati: di più, la scaltra e sveglia (ormai in odore di profezia)

segretaria personale di Marchionne.


Poi scenderà in campo B.Ob. a chiudere la partita con un rigore per evidente  fallo di credit crunch (che sarà confermato al ralenti). Ma rischia di arrivare a fine partita.

TUTTI I LINK AI MEDIA ED ALLA BLOGOSFERA, fornitici da Mara. Il tavolo da lavoro e l’agenda di Marchionne. Il più grande manager italiano all’opera … (dal buco della serratura? no, dagli occhiali di Mara).

Ma questo (senza  anticipare troppo, non abbiamo ancora letto lo script – anzi non c’e’, e’ un reality) solo alle prossime puntate della telenovela, anzi del reality:

il mondo visto dal Lingotto. Ossia:

 l’economia industriale ao vivocome un samba di Viridiana sulla spiaggia.

Disse l’amato Padre Pio alla sua groupie più fedele, quando lei si rese conto di  aver ricevuto una dritta che le evitò di essere violentata:  “Qualche volta, il Signore mi fa leggere nel Suo quaderno”.

Noi non siamo Santi ne’ Sciamani, abbiamo solo accesso per via di spionaggio al DIARIO DI MARA!

Detroit bail: yes or no?

Fumo negli occhi per l’industria dell’auto europea, che si troverebbe invasa da SUV invenduti di Detroit e sussidiati! In una delle più gravi crisi della storia dei Capitalismi, e’ guerra comerciale senza regole, a colpi bassi.  

LA GLOBALIZZAZIONE ATLANTICA E’ FINITA COL  SECONDO MILLENNIO, durando dal 1600 al 2000. Prima c’era quella centrata sull’Oceano Indiano (Arabi, Indiani e Cinesi), che durò il doppio: dal 600 al 1500. Prima che la globalizzazione rinasca, ovviamente nell’Oceano Indiano, ci vorrà qualche decennio (Wallerstein).

MA QUESTE SONO SOLO TEORIE e congetture, lasciano il tempo che trovano: prima di Marx leggete Mara, arguta e simpatica, ed imparate la vera e vitale  bio-economia divertendovi un casino! DA NON PERDERE:

i) A PAG. 5, ze best: gli stickies gialli di Mara

per la mattina di lunedi 17 novembre, Marchionne stamane minuto x minuto …

ii) la PERLA RARA di MARA,  a pag. 6:

l’indomita segretaria sabauda (vorremmo tutti saperne di piu’ di lei, ma già il suo diario dice molto) OSA SFIDARE OBAMA nel cuore stesso del suo territorio e del suo New Deal: visto che B.Ob. x Detroit  non ha ancora detto ‘bail’, Mara gli suggerisce di seguire il suo consigliere Robert Reich. Questi (vox clamans contro il populismo, sindacalismo non pragatico e neo-statalismo. MA ANCHE insospettabile Keynesiano e  progressista) propone un  “chapter 11” (bankruptcy) contrattato. Mara considera questo un “ottimo lodo” che bilancia opposti interessi (anche la Fiat a Torino e Belo Horizonte, tra i tanti).

Noi non avremmo mai osato tanto, ma Bob e Mara ci hanno convinto; con le sue arti ed argomenti lei avrà di certo già convinto ed attivato il suo Capo (nell’industria auto mondiale). Noi oggi stesso mandiamo una proposta argomentata in tal senso al sito apposito del President Elect,

QUESTE SONO LE 2 PERLE, MA E’ TUTTO DA NON PERDERE!!! GOTO: 081117_segretaria_markionne

US bank runs: who told a systemic meltdown is over? IT IS NOT

CAN YOU HEAR SITTING BULL’S WAR-CRY? WELL, THE LITTLE BIG HORN OF SHADOW FINANCE IS ON. After that, in Autumn non-financial co. will start going bankrupt.

Hard 2 read and 2 believe: but this is REALLY the NYT front page, day after Little Big Horn!!! Thanks the sublime NYT serivce: On this Day  (Copyright 2007 the NYT Company). 25 June 1876. Col. George A. Custer and his 7th Cavalry were wiped out by Sitting Bull’s Sioux and Cheyenne Indians in the Battle of Little Big Horn, Montana. 


June 18 update. Alphaville: HOT AUTUMN, banks’ bears warnings 

Deeprecession has a 1 day lead on the RBS mail, 2 days on Alphaville

Bearish analysts are out in force. Bob Janjuah [credit strategist] of RBS, in an email on Tuesday, warns of a global stock and credit crash in the next few months; with the S&P 500 likely to lose up to a quarter of its value. In credit, Janjuah sees the iTraxx soaring to 130/150 and the iTraxx Crossover to 650/700. (…) Wall Street should rally through early July before succumbing to the twin pressures of high oil and high inflation – the first painful spasms of a recession. The RBS team also point specifically to the limited range of options open to central banks. The point is taken up by analysts at Morgan Stanley. A note from last week – “1992 redux” – by the bank’s European banking team – warns of potential for a “catastrophic event” on the horizon to match the European monetary crisis of the early nineties.

MS: We find striking similarities between the transatlantic macro tensions that built up in the early 1990s and those that are accumulating again today. In both cases, monetary authorities took opposite options on both sides of the Atlantic: stabilising output in the US, and stabilising prices in Europe. Macro tensions caused a major currency crisis in Europe in 1992. Will history repeat itself? 1992 Redux - MS note

Just after this entry, posted by Sam Jones on June 18th, 2008 at 11:07,

another contemporary Alphaville post, by Robert Cookson at 13:24 adds:

Mr Janjuah’s peers at other European banks agreed it was inevitable that credit markets would deteriorate later in the year, potentially quite dramatically, when large companies started to default on their debt. However, most said that RBS was a touch aggressive in forecasting that turmoil would strike as soon as August. (According to one strategist)  many struggling companies would be able to limp along into 2009 before falling apart.

The discussion is only about time frame: dead bodies might keep walking to 2009.

Original post

FACTS, not a propaganda trying to delay the redde rationem, an always imminent RUN on US FINANCIAL BANKS  (spada di Damocle).

1) we are still, and only, in the beginning (since end 2007) of a global “subcrime” recession, rooted in historical and structural processes in the creation and appropriation of economic value:

1a) the peculiar way a Reagan-microelectronics Kondratiev Long Wave (KLW) went burst (see Carlota Perez – for full references: goto  subcrimebiosocialscience1.pdf). We mean, not just one bubble or another went burst, but a unique, entire, historical chance of sustainable progress (late capitalisms could not grasp) was missed by humanity and the Earth. For enriching the pockets of a few hundred billionaires. A Donald Duck world.


1b) How did such a quantum technological jump go wrong and lost? It was killed on the altar of such Medieval rites as: b1) enrich a handful of global rentiers and rape an obsolete Middle Class (no democracy to be socially enveloped any more); b2) fuck the Russian mil.-ind. complex and “ally”, more exactly link up with China; b3) tell people there is laissez faire and democracy, while MONOPOLIES RULE in thanato-political liberal régimes or tyrannies (Adam Smith and Loretta Napoleoni, Michel Foucault and Roberto Esposito). c) We live for decades to come, a generation or two, in a new (post-Reagan and MPUs) Deflationary Long Wave: a  byproduct of the Greenspan-Clinton irresponsible, witchcraft manipulations of the declining US economy in the 1990s (Aglietta-Berrebi, Chesnais). Hopefully, Bill will not come back as first lady!

2) Last episode of such a deep, structural process in value production and circulation (Marx, Capital, Book 2): the subcrime-based shadow finance, was meant to enlarge the circuits of over-accumulation in search of an outlet. The target was scientifically selected: afro-american bobos and regular Latino workers (at least $4000 of family earnings, in order to steal them 3000-3500 per month !!! see case studies in the quoted subcrime … .pdf). Systemic scope, only way to create a “growth” illusion, in a CRAZY RENTIERS WORLD sunk into deflation and depression:

2A) RAPE the first (quasi-affluent blacks) and second tier (latinos) of people still wiling to enter, via patriotic-sacre housing property, the middle class.


2B) From stealing their homes, hopes, lives and wages: create a fixed material point, that the fantasy of the casino economy will multiply some thousand times in  “assets” (in fact, property rights on a chain leading at the end to the real asset: Chesnais; this is why someone had to be RAPED at chain end), to be bought by the Rentiers èlite savings, out of the surplus value they expropriated from productive value chains.


3) 3 months ago, in March 2008 the US Bush Adm. and the Fed JOINTLY delayed a meltdown of the 5 US pure financial banks, likely spreading quickly into a global meltdown, by bailing out Bear Stearns. Now it’s Lehman last bell, death time. Third to be soldout will be Merill Lynch soon (the FT tells BofA wants it), and fourth Morgan Stanley, likely to be historically reunited in the (JP) Morgan mother house. Only Goldman Sachs will survive this Little Big Horn. We do not invent such an order: it is written in their books, leverage ratios and the premium rates they pay (see graph). Rentiers carry on telling (not believing, they are smart), and THEIR MEDIA keep echoing every day as a litany: a systemic meltdown is over. You always find this proposition in newspapers, with redundancy. Ask Roubini: he knows and tells you the answer.  


4) Rev. Jessie Jackson, one of the greatest living personalities, as far as we know invented “subcrime” for subprime. In a March 20 timely speech in Chicago (quoted in our .pdf, Section 4), where he accused the Govt. of moral hazard financing bankrupt banks, while ignoring foreclosures and people. As we have already discussed in this blog, in synchrony with the economic blogs community (namely: perplexity towards a NYT  op-ed by  Robert J. Shiller, on May 18), this is a delicate issue of policies; since a bailout of foreclosures (with the excuse of the poor rape victims) will always close the gap of Subcriminals. It’s the easy credit for sacred property TABOO that must be challenged, overcome, identified as a Middle Class narrative belonging to the past, while manipulation belongs to the present (see Joriot). But the US left is always in a mess, lost in between Blair-Clintonian Late  Reaganism, and a-scientific, ideological Populism. Even Obama – basically a postClintonian, on that line of evolution of neoDemocrats, but somehow divided, as it often happens to us, between his rational mind and heart. This is physiological in a country that, after Tocqueville (no democracy without religion), is so much ideological and radical, but has not declined a variety of complex ideologies (like Eurasia). They stand by the American Myth, Father of a constellation of Myths – e.g., housing, financed by the Fed. State via Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae (Joriot)- a bit like Greece before the Ionians and the Athenians. They hardly get (perhaps The Nation?) to such a Myths deconstruction (Derrida), that would engender a Real Socialist left. This is a priority area of political work, in networks of international coop – helping US progressives to make a step further. This is what we mean by “Robin Hood policies”. More on this another time. 


The DIAGNOSIS, from p. 5 of  subcrimebiosocialscience1.pdf


1. the global economy is locked in a longrun demand deficit hysteresis (requiring a drastic redistribution), and liquidity trap (making monetary and credit policies totally ineffective)

2. fiscal and income policy implication: the world badly needs an epoch-making, giant income and wealth redistribution, from the élites to impoverished masses. A Keynes-Kalecki and Ricardo-Pasinetti models classic case, calling to rebalance 25 years of counter-distribution


3. in fact, the “1987-2007 Rentiers’ glorious years” increased:

– both the rate of Absolute and Relative Surplus Value extraction: in each OECD country, 9% GNP shifted from wages, to gross profits and self-employment incomes; – and of its appropriation by Rentiers – see Fig. 2 of the pdf: showing that the US finance margins jumped from 35% to 50% in the “20 Glorious” 

4. such a counter-distribution dropped the global economy into a deflationary régime


5. a drastic improvement of world welfare, an intrinsic ICTs potential, went bust by Lewis-effects (unlimited labour supply discouraging technical change, i.e. substituting Absolute for Relative Surplus Value)


6. a complication: political systems do not allow such a global Keynesian-Obama New Deal

7. morale: a political hysteresis (Blair-Clinton-socialdem. PostReaganism, a follow up of “doc” Reaganism) in leading OECD countries, is blocking the road out of the economic hysteresis.

Trendy Google

ANSA – MILANO, 30 APR – Google diventa trendy: alcuni artisti realizzeranno temi grafici con cui arricchire l’homepage personalizzabile del motore di ricerca. Oltre agli ‘skin’ iGoogle consente di scegliere una serie di contenuti dinamici da visualizzare, come meteo, notizie e Borsa. Le creazioni artistiche portano la firma di Dolce&Gabbana, dei gruppi musicali Beastie Boys e Coldplay, dell’interior designer Philippe Stark, dei fotografi Anne Geddes e Yann Arthus-Bertrand e dell’artista Jeff Koons.

Google becoming even more trendy through iGoogle skins about to be created by artist and designers.

We are with Adam Smith against any monopoly (we just wrote on April 25th blog post: even an eventual Madonna Aparecida’s one), and will always stand by this tenet. We see here some Schumpeterism as well: the best is the best. The Microsoft-Yahoo saga is at a turning point: a Microsoft deadline just expired, and the WSJ reports some possible division in the Seattle giant top management. More on this next week, in the May edition of our monthly S&T Newsletter.

On Monday, April 21st the FT published the yearly report on Global Brand Equity; we have been analyzing and discussing it the day after, in the Industrial Economics classroom. The breaking news is a 2006-08 take off of Chinese oligopolies’ brand capital, e.g., taking the world 3rd, 6th and 7th rank in Finance (even if data have been adjusted for the 2007 “Shangai bubble” in the stock market).


1 Google 86,067 $m, 4.4% of world total

2 GE 71,379 $m, 3.7%

3 Microsoft 70,887 $m, 3.6%

4 Coca – Cola 58,208 $m, 3.0%

5 China Mobile 57,225 $m, 2.9%

HIGHEST 2007-08 growth: +390% BlackBerry, +123% Apple, + 93% Amazon, +82% China Construction Bank, + 75% Vodafone.

An anticipation on Ben, June 4th

Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke addresses Harvard’s Class Day on June 4.

Charleton Lamb  in The Harvard Crimson, suggests 15 speech traces, e.g.:

1) In order to close the federal deficit, marijuana will be legalized and taxed. Even with the tax, it will be cheaper than what you’re paying in Central Square. 

3) Instead of a speech, he will actually hover over the Yard in a helicopter and drop fistfuls of cash. 

4) The government will seize half of the Harvard endowment under the authority of The Patriot Act. 

5) He will give everyone a free lunch just to stick it to Mankiw. 

6) He will debut his new reality show, in which he and Chuck Norris solve the mortgage crisis by breaking every jaw on Wall Street. 

9) Harvard will merge with Bernanke’s other alma mater—MIT. He swears it’s more economical this way. 

11) The new $20 bill will have a four-color depiction of the moment when Jim told Pam he loves her. 

14) He’s already admitted that the Fed caused the Great Depression, so now he’ll reveal that the Fed killed party grants  too.

P.S. Search “party grants” on Google: you’ll find out, always on The Harvard Crimson (ranging FD Roosevelt and J Kennedy among past writers), what’s  the trouble about party grants uncertainty at Harvard.

Published in: on April 18, 2008 at 8:33 pm  Leave a Comment  
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David Cass has died

david cass

Let me just remember a couple of things in his innovative,  outstanding and always thought-provoking intellectual legacy:

– extrinsic uncertainty, with Karl Shell (1983): DO SUNSPOTS MATTER?

– “His year devoted to the search for a necessary and sufficient condition for efficiency in the neoclassical growth model led to the remarkable condition that the sum of the inverses of the present prices of capital over the infinite future should be finite” (from the quoted Am. Ec. Ass. pdf).

Please look at:

Michele Boldrin: Shine on you, Crazy David

best introduction to Dave is perhaps this 1998, 26 pages interview with Spear and Wright, a nice piece of autobiography and contemporary history of economic sciences:

It starts with his oral interview with Ken Arrow … ! Real fun.

Not only his friends will miss David Cass.


breaking news: Δ + NW

As usual, by far the best economic interpretation on this M&A came out in  (click: topics/bidsbuyouts) –  look for it!  Being basically a contestable market (Baumol), or at least one with low entry barriers and sunk costs, shake out will continue in this industry – even after the inevitable concentration wave, just following now.

FT – Delta Northwest deal creates world’s largest carrier

Delta Air Lines and Northwest Airlines agreed to merge in a deal that will create the world’s largest carrier and may touch off a wave of consolidation within the US aviation industry – 03:00


Whats News

As of 4:36:00 AM EDT Tue, April 15, 2008

[[Go to story.]]  

Delta and Northwest’s boards approved a merger that would create the world’s largest airline by traffic if the deal wins over regulators and employees. The combined carrier would keep Delta’s name and Atlanta headquarters. (Press release) 4:16 a.m.
Published in: on April 15, 2008 at 8:48 am  Leave a Comment  
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goto subcrime social science

On Palms’ Sunday, the Fed said: back to the 1930s

More in our special report pdf (May 3 updated v.)subcrimesocialscience080503

Palms’ Sunday, we finally realised that a domino effect, potentially self-destroying for most banks and capitalisms was there, at hand and sight (had perhaps Keynes understood something even Marx had missed?). Well, but, if the ‘30s are back, the two greatest John (Steinbeck and Ford) are back as well: we’ll collect and tell the story of every single proletarian, of all the Joad and Ortiz families. Nikola Chesnais will help us to turn the films, since John Ford is his paradigm, and Ford filmed Grapes of Wrath immediately after the book (1939-40).This film was the most popular left-leaning, socialistic-themed film of pre-World War II Hollywood“. At Washington Post, BRIGIDA SCHULTE already started telling us about Gloria Ortiz and her husband: we love them now: they don’t American Dream any more; we dream to encourage and help them. The Joads, the Ortiz, and new gold rush prospectors. FT March 29, p.1: Soaring prices spark fresh rush to find Ca.’s forgotten gold.

subcrime social science is an art

subcrimesocialscience was a 20 pp. (now 30) w-in-p survey, adopting the de(e)pre(ce)ssion Political Economy paradigm (Ricardo- Marx, Keynes- Kalecki, Schumpeter- Minsky- Perez, Aglietta and Chesnais). It briefly reviews, in its early pages, what economic sciences know on ongoing:


Minsky Magic Moments, since Summer 2007

Minsky Financial Meltdown, we are on the border of

2008+ deep&long recession, endowed with a depression potential

FAQ. Might Capitalisms succeed where Socialisms failed: to help us coping with them, undermining and overthrowing them? Then it deals with policies and recession chronicle highlights. Here is a summary on economic policies.

” De(e)pre(ce)ssion 7 capital virtues: remedies for the Minsky Meltdown.

1. Minsky won the bet versus Chicago. The latter did not survive to the great Milton Friedman for longer, and finally died at dawn, Friday March 14, 2008 (on Bear Stearns’ day: p.15 here).
2. States will massively intervene, after decades of anti-State mind washing: how effectively?
3. After March 14, oil into firing debates on credit&fiscal policies: moral hazard of rewarding – again – those fucking rentiers, vampires that already gained 6-0 the early sets of the subprime match.
4. Leaders’ war. March 29 FT (Not yet time for a bail-out of banks) versus March 22 The Economist (Wall street’s crisis): both are over-Bullish, but policies clash. FT delays a bail-out fiscal policy, conditional upon sacking the rentiers (“it should do so only over the dead bodies of shareholders and management” – falling in love with FT). The Eco. advocates hyper-fiscal policies, erecting floors “either in housing, or in asset-backed securities”. FT objects housing prices must stop to a floor before, otherwise you can’t price securities. At 19th C The Eco., they found a Hegelian synthesis: neo-Leviathans will buy the open and the foreclosed apt.s: almost everything. Socialist times.
5. All this policy makers (hyper-)activism is and will be part of the process (Roudini’s blog, Feb. 8), in a self-referential crisis system (Niklas Luhman), where no one is sitting outside the system. As in an ancient Myth, financial accelerators ate Bernanke himself: their father.
6. Minsky’s call for an institutions-specific and even a capitalisms-specific analysis (note 10) might be the compass exploiting the fixed point of an endogenous institutions axiom.
7. The latter fits with self-referential systems theory, and this couple is full of well known (in their proper cognitive, policy theoretical domains), important consequences.”

On Minsky’s suggestions,

see monetary policies in:

Wray 2007; Galbraith,

Giovannoni and Russo 2007.

Please note – from the 7 points above – that we converge much with Roubini, although we get there by different arguments and ways. Knowing already, by him, the most likely end of the story (script of Grapes of Wrath 2: by H. P. Minsky).